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CrazyFruits » Jamaican's History & Events pieces from the past » JAMAICA'S NATIONAL HEROES

JAMAICA'S NATIONAL HEROES

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1bat JAMAICA'S NATIONAL HEROES on Sun 15 Nov 2009 - 11:24

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Jamaica's National Heroes
Compiled from various Jamaican History books by Donna Lewis Essix

Jamaica’s National Heroes dared to challenge the institution of colonialism and in so doing changed the course of Jamaica’s history giving social and political freedom to its people. Today, the statues of Jamaica’s seven National Heroes stand in proud acknowledgment, in the National Heroes Park in Kingston where they are viewed with inspiring pride, unforgettable symbols of Jamaica’s enduring strength.



PAUL BOGLE
birth date uncertain-died 1865.

Paul Bogle, a Baptist Deacon was generally regarded as a peaceful man who shunned violence. He believed in the teachings of the Bible, endorsing the principles of charity and endurance. Yet he was also a leader and organizer who knew well the terrains of the land and had spent time in educating and training his followers. He lived in St. Thomas and led the Morant Bay Rebellion in 1865.

GEORGE WILLIAM GORDON
1820-1865.

George William Gordon was a free colored land owner and an associate of Bogle. As a member of the House of Parliament, he used his position to highlight the sufferings of the people and to make a plea for changes. The Morant Bay Rebellion and the resultant deaths of Bogle and Gordon precipitated the beginning of a new era in Jamaica’s development. The British government became compelled to make changes including outstanding reforms in education, health, local government, banking and infrastructure.

NANNY
lived and died in Nanny Town.

Nanny of the Maroons stands out in history as the only female among Jamaica’s national heroes. She possessed that fierce fighting spirit generally associated with the courage of men. In fact, Nanny is described as a fearless Asante warrior who used militarist techniques to foul and beguile the English. Like the heroes of the pre Independence era, Nanny too met her untimely death at the instigation of the English sometime around 1734. Yet, the spirit of Nanny of the Maroons remains today as a symbol of that domitable desire that will never yield to captivity.

SAMUEL SHARPE
1801-1832

‘Daddy’ Sam Sharpe, as he was affectionately called was to carry on the Resistance against slavery effecting at the young age of 31, the most outstanding Slave Rebellion in Jamaica’s history. Sharpe, an educated town slave, was a preacher and spokesman. Intelligent and sharp, he followed the developments of the abolition movement by reading discarded local and foreign papers and was able to advise his followers. Sharpe was tired of slavery, spent months in strategic planning, educating the slaves and traveling from estate to estate in secret meetings at nights, igniting the slaves with inspiring messages of hope of freedom. The 1831 Christmas Rebellion started in St. James and spread throughout the entire island. The Rebellion started on December 28 and lasted 8 days. Sam Sharpe was eventually captured and hung at the Parade in Montego Bay (now renamed Sam Sharpe Square). On August 28, 1833 slavery was abolished and the System of Apprenticeship instituted, allowing for the total freedom of slaves in the next 4-6 years. On August 1, 1938 the Apprenticeship System ended granting full freedom to the slaves.

SIR ALEXANDER BUSTAMANTE
1884-1977

Alexander Bustamante was an aggressive, outspoken young man who understood the dynamics of labor relations. A charismatic and impressive speaker, he used the media to criticize the prevailing political system and its attendant social problems. He started the Industrial Trade Union in 1938 and was jailed for 17 moths following labor riots. He became Jamaica’s first Chief Minister, a position he held until 1954, being knighted that same year by the queen. On August 6, 1962 Jamaica was granted full independence. At the first session of Parliament, Bustamante received the Instruments of Independence from the queen’s representative, Princess Margaret. This time in Jamaica’s history drastic changes were heralded, not by bloodshed but by peaceful negotiations.

NORMAN WASHINGTON MANLEY
1893-1969.

Norman Washington Manley founded the People’s National Party which later was tied to the Trade Union Congress and the N.W. U. Together with Bustamante, their efforts resulted in the New Constitution of 1944 granting full Adult Suffrage. In 1955 Manley was elected Chief Minister. The 400 year British Rule, invoking slavery, deculturisation, uprising and bloodshed was not at an end.

MARCUS MOSIAH GARVEY
1887-1940.

Marcus Mosiah Garvey stands out in history as one who was greatly committed to the concept of the Emancipation of minds. Garvey who was born in St. Ann became famous worldwide as a leader who was courageous and eloquent in his call for improvement for Blacks. He sought the unification of all Blacks through the establishment of the United Negro Improvement Association and spoke out against economic exploitation and cultural denigration. He spent many years in the United States pursuing his goal of Black Unification.



Last edited by Admin on Mon 12 Apr 2010 - 21:07; edited 2 times in total

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2bat Re: JAMAICA'S NATIONAL HEROES on Thu 7 Jan 2010 - 15:53

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Y.E.onDOMReady(show_notes_initially);

Paul Bogle, it is believed, was born free about 1822. He was a Baptist deacon in Stony Gut, a few miles north of Morant Bay, and was eligible to vote at a time when there were only 104 voters in the parish of St. Thomas.
He was a firm political supporter of George William Gordon. Poverty and injustice in the society and lack of public confidence in the central authority urged Bogle to lead a protest march to the Morant Bay courthouse on October 11, 1865.
In a violent confrontation with full official forces that followed the march, nearly 500 people were killed and a greater number was flogged and punished before order was restored.
Bogle was captured and hanged on October 24, 1865; but his forceful demonstration achieved its objectives. It paved the way for the establishment of just practices in the courts and it brought about a change in official attitude which made possible the social and economic betterment of the people.


Y.E.onDOMReady(show_notes_initially);

Paul Bogle, born on 1822, he was a Baptist Deacon and a Jamaican rebel. By reading and applying lessons from the Bible as he was a Christian, he helped his congregation cope with the poverty and social injustices. Leader of the 1865 Morant Bay Rebellion, on 24 th October he was captured and executed by the Britishers. Later named a Jamaican national hero with the title Rt. Excellent Paul Bogle, he's depicted on the heads side of the Jamaican 10-cent coin.
Sir William Alexander Clarke Bustamante, born on 24 th February, 1884 was a Jamaican politician and labour leader. Alexander Bustamante became the first Prime Minister after Jamaica's independence on 6 th August, 1962. A man of vision he saw why life was hard for the ordinary people and also knew what could be done to help them. He fought for the rights of the workers believing in what is right, through words and became a famous leader and one of the popular national heroes of Jamaica.
Marcus Mosiah Garvey, born on 17 th August, 1887, was a journalist, entrepreneur, publisher, Black Nationalist, and founder of the ‘Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League'. Garvey is well remembered as an important advocate of the Back-to-Africa movement, encouraging people of African descent to return to their ancestral homelands.
George William Gordon, born in 1820 on the Cherry Gardens estate in the parish of St. Andrew, was a self taught Jamaican businessman and politician. Though born to a white planter and a slave, he was a member of the Jamaican Assembly and a reputed critic of the colonial government. In the wake of the 1938 labour rebellion, Gordon came to be known as a precursor of Jamaican nationalism. On his 100 th death anniversary, Gordon was declared as one of the national heroes of Jamaica.
Norman Washington Manley, born on 4 th July, 1893, was a well-known statesman and a one of the leading lawyers of Jamaica in the 1920s. Manley along with his cousin, Alexander Bustamante was an advocate of the universal suffrage. Founder of the left-wing People's National Party, their labor resulted in the New Constitution of 1944, granting full adult suffrage. Manley also was the countries Chief Minister.
Nanny of the Maroons, also known as Queen Nanny and Granny Nanny, lived some 250 years ago. A well-recognized leader of the Maroons in the 18 th century she was known to free over 800 slaves over a span of 50 years. She is said to have died in the 1750s.
Samuel ‘Sam' Sharpe, also known as ‘Daddy' Sharpe, was born in 1801. Though a well-educated man he was a slave throughout his life. Highly respected by other slaves, he was a good preacher and leader. He educated the slaves about Christianity and freedom traveling to different estates in St. James area. In 1975 with the title Rt. Excellent Samuel Sharpe he was proclaimed one of Jamaica's national heroes.
For further information on the national heroes of Jamaica go through 123independenceday.com
National Heroes Park is one of the most important sites in Jamaica. It is a botanical garden that features numerous monuments, and is the burial site of many of Jamaica’s National Heroes, Prime Ministers, and cultural leaders. It is also the largest open space anywhere n Kingston.


The Marcus Garvey Shrine is a popular location within the park
Plans are underway to give National Heroes Park a well needed makeover by the National Solid Waste Management Authority (NSWMA) – the state owned entity responsible for the disposal of waste island-wide as well as the maintenance of many others parks, state open spaces under contract.
The park is being renovated with the aim of attracting locals to it’s facilities especially children so that they may learn about Jamaica history. Tourists are known to flock to the park.








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3bat Re: JAMAICA'S NATIONAL HEROES on Wed 19 Mar 2014 - 0:56

cricket


God bless marcus garvey


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